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Determinant Assignment Class 12 FREE Download

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Determinants Class 12 Mathematics

Determinants Class 12 Mathematics

Determinants play a crucial role in mathematics, especially in solving systems of linear equations, finding the area of triangles, and determining the invertibility of matrices. In Class 12 Mathematics, the concept of determinants is explored in depth, allowing students to solve complex problems with ease. This blog discusses the properties of determinants and provides a basic understanding of how to work with them.

Key Properties of Determinants

Understanding the properties of determinants is essential for efficiently solving mathematical problems. Here are some of the fundamental properties:

  • Property 1: The determinant of a matrix remains unchanged if its rows and columns are interchanged.
  • Property 2: If any two rows (or columns) of a determinant are identical, its value is zero.
  • Property 3: The determinant of a matrix multiplies by \(k\) if all the elements of a row (or column) are multiplied by \(k\).
  • Property 4: If the elements of a row (or column) of a determinant are expressed as the sum of two elements, the determinant can be expressed as the sum of two determinants.

Examples of Determinant Equations

Let’s explore some examples of determinant equations to understand how these properties are applied:

\[ \text{If } A = \begin{vmatrix} a & b \\ c & d \end{vmatrix}, \text{ then } \det(A) = ad – bc \]

This equation represents the determinant of a 2×2 matrix. The calculation is straightforward, involving multiplication and subtraction of the matrix elements.

\[ \text{Property 1 Example: For matrix } B = \begin{vmatrix} p & q \\ r & s \end{vmatrix}, \text{ switching rows and columns gives } \begin{vmatrix} p & r \\ q & s \end{vmatrix}, \text{ but } \det(B) \text{ remains the same.} \]

This illustrates that the determinant of a matrix does not change if its rows and columns are interchanged, as per Property 1.

\[ \text{Property 3 Application: For } C = k \times \begin{vmatrix} e & f \\ g & h \end{vmatrix}, \text{ then } \det(C) = k \times (eh – fg) \]

Here, multiplying all elements of a row or column by a constant \(k\) results in the determinant being multiplied by \(k\), demonstrating Property 3.


Understanding the properties and applications of determinants is crucial for solving various mathematical problems in Class 12. These concepts not only help in algebra but also in geometry and calculus, making determinants a fundamental topic in advanced mathematics.

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